He based this on the popular ḥadith in which Muhammad says the Quran was revealed to him in "".
If I overcome my despair, it is incumbent upon me to help others to do the same.
They tried to correct or reconstruct the early history of Islam from other, presumably more reliable, sources such as coins, inscriptions, and non-Islamic sources.
New York, NY: Routledge.
In December 632, Abu Bakr's caliphal forces, led by , fought Musaylima's army at the in December 632.
Keith Small, in , has concluded that it is not possible to develop a reliable of the Quran based on the sources currently available.